Do you know how safe is your drinking water? Brush your teeth twice a day, bath often does the dishes on time, wash the vegetables thoroughly before cutting, boil the water before drinking, and so on. We have possibly heard these suggestions all our lives and water plays a key role in all of these. Water is one of the most important needs in our everyday life. So, have you ever thought about how safe is your drinking water?
I know you have thought about the city. We are constantly aware of the scarcity of water in India and the degrading quality of water due to pollution and contaminants. In India, about 37 million people suffer from water-borne diseases and 15 million children die due to diarrhea. All these due to contamination of water. Along with that, about 66 million Indians are at risk due to excessive fluoride contained in the water.
So, the question – “How safe is your drinking water?” naturally is an important one, considering the water situation in the country. In this article, we will help you answer how safe is your drinking water by listing out the key points that you should evaluate to check the health of the water.
A thorough evaluation to know how safe is your drinking water requires an expert technician. However, you can also check the health of water using your senses, information provided by the municipal community, and inspecting the water at home. So, put your hats on and get ready for the investigation.
How safe is your drinking water? 5 steps to check the health of water
To accurately know how safe is your drinking water, it is recommended to get it checked by a professional. However, you can use these steps to know how safe is your drinking water by yourself. Here are some simple steps to check the health of the water.
If you are looking for a reliable RO service in Dehradun that checks how safe is your drinking water, suggests and installs best water purifiers for home, and provides maintenance and repair services, contact RO service center at +91-800-603-5444
- Know the source of your water
Inspect the source of your water and find the water treatments that are being used there. Once you know the source of the water and the treatments in place, you’ll have a better idea about the health of the water in your area.
- Check the smell of the water to know how safe is your drinking water
If you notice a bleach smell in water, then it could be because of the added chlorine. The source of this water is the local municipal plant. Chorine is added in water to kill pathogens and germs. But when it gets mixed up with organic compounds present in water, then it could be harmful to health.
If your water smells like rotten-eggs or has a foul smell, then there is bacterial or growth of germs in the water. The source of this water is mainly lakes and ponds. Microorganisms in water can grow even in damaged piped water and water tankers. Drinking this water can cause diarrhea or dehydration.
If your water smells like fish, then it could be because of the presence of barium and cadmium in excess. These chemicals impact the health of water and have harmful effects on the bones, kidneys, and liver.
- Check the taste of the water
If the taste of your water has been altered and it tastes bad or has a metallic taste, then the pH levels of the water could have been altered. Your water may have been contaminated by chemical contaminants and indicates an excess of iron and calcium.
If your water tastes salty or brackish, then it is due to dissolved inorganic salts like sodium and potassium.
- Check the appearance of the water
If your water appears muddy and you can see particles of dust, then the water has been contaminated by physical contaminants.
If the water looks cloudy then it suggests the presence of dissolved inorganic compounds like calcium and magnesium or pathogens.
If the color of your water appears faded yellow, orange, or brown, then it could be caused by rusty pipes. This could suggest the presence of chromium-6 or a build-up of chemicals like iron, manganese, lead, or copper. In such a case, you must get a water purifier for home immediately.
If your water looks blue or green then it indicates the presence of high copper levels. High copper levels are detrimental and cause health problems like anemia, liver damage, and kidney problems.
Also notice if your hands feel slimy after washing them or if you have to use more detergent than usual, then that could indicate hard water.
- Check TDS level of water
TDS or Total dissolved solids refers to the total amount of inorganic and organic matter dissolved in water. These matters include salts like sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, etc., metals like lead and arsenic, minerals, and ions present in water.
TDS in water is not easily visible, however, they affect the taste and quality of water. The unit of measurement for TDS is mg/liter and the ideal amount for drinking water is considered from 200-500mg/liter.
You can easily check the TDS in water by using a digital meter. If the TDS is below 250mg/liter or above 500mg/liter, then you will require an RO water purifier to purify the water.
- Use water testing kits to check the health of water
While you can rely on your senses to know how safe is your drinking water, you can also use the various testing kits available in the market to check the health of the water.
You can check the hardness, TDS level, pH levels, and impurities in water using test kits, pH meters, digital TDS meters, bacteria test kits, etc.
The test kits give you accurate results but it might be time-consuming to test your water for different types of impurities using different testing kits.
When you know the source of your water and are aware of the TDS level and the impurities present in the water, you will be able to gauge how safe is your drinking water. You can use the above methods to check the health of water and know-how safe is your drinking water. However, for effective testing, we recommend getting a water test done professionally. Contact us for testing water and for consultation on purifying your water at one of the most reliable RO services in Dehradun. Get in touch with the RO service center at +91-800-603-5444
Check health of water | How safe is your drinking water
Now that you know how safe is your drinking water, you can effectively check the health of water by comprising the impurities into three broad categories and using the water purification technique to filter those impurities.
These impurities can be generalized into three categories-
- Biological- Biological impurities are contaminants especially microbes that create biological contamination. Common impurities include bacteria, viruses, parasites, protozoans, etc.
- Chemical- Chemical contamination is normally led by human intervention and includes impurities like pesticides, bleach, salt, metals, etc.
- Physical- Physical contamination includes sediment, colloidal, and organic materials that can be visible in the water. They include dirt, mud, etc.
How to purify your water for different types of impurities
Here are some of the ways to purify your water and improve the health of water at your home-
- Use UV and UF water purifiers to get rid of biological contaminants
UV or Ultraviolet water purifier is one of the simplest forms of water purifiers which use ultraviolet radiations to kill germs, bacteria, and viruses present in water. It is chemical-free and works well with tap water.
UF or Ultrafiltration water purifiers use UF membranes to filter dirt, germs, and pathogens from the water. They do not require electricity and running water for the filtration process. The water passes through the UF membrane which blocks out the dirt and germs in its membrane and lets clean water to pass through.
- Use UF water filters if your water has dirt and biological contaminants present
UF water filters remove biological contaminants as well as dirt and mud present in water. They do not remove TDS content or other contaminants in water.
- Use RO water filters if your water has TDS above 500,g/liter
RO water filters use reverse osmosis technology to filter the dissolved organic and inorganic matter from the water and improve the health of the water.
- Use activated carbon filters to remove organic contaminants
Activated carbon filters are effective in removing copper, lead, pesticides, and chlorination byproducts.
- Use ion exchange units as hard water treatment
Ion exchange units remove those minerals which make water hard, like calcium and magnesium.
- Use distillation units to create distilled water
Distillation units, which are also known as ‘still’, boil water and condense them. The resultant is a distilled water, free from impurities.
All these purifying techniques remove some forms of impurities. Modern water purifiers have a combination of all these filters to ensure that all the impurities from your drinking water are removed.
Our RO service in Dehradun guides you on the best water purifier to use based on the impurities present in the water in your area and after accessing how safe is your drinking water. We also offer installation, maintenance, and repair services of water purifiers. Contact our RO service center at +91-800-603-5444 to know more.